03 December 2015

Reasoning Questions with Key for IBPS Clerks Prelims Exam

Directions (Q. 1-5): Study the following information to answer the
given questions. Seven friends − L, M, N, O, P, Q and R are sitting in
a straight line facing North, not necessarily in the same order. M
sits fifth to the right
of O. P sits third to the right of L. Both L and P do not sit at the
extreme ends of the line. Q and R are immediate neighbours of each
other. N sits third to the left of Q.

1. What is O's position with respect of R?
1) Second to the right 2) Third to the left
3) Second to the left 4) Third to the right
5) None of these

2. Which of the following represents the friends sitting at the
extreme ends of the line?
1) O, M 2) Q, O 3) N, M 4) O, N 5) None of these

3. If all the seven friends are made to sit in alphabetical orders
from left to right, the positions of how many will remain unchanged?
1) Four 2) Three 3) One
4) Two 5) None of these

4. Who sits exactly in the middle of the row?
1) P 2) L 3) Q 4) R 5) None of these

5. Four of the following five are alike in a certain way based on
their seating positions in the above arrangement and so form a group.
Which is the one that does not belong to the group?
1) M, P 2) R, Q 3) O, N 4) L, N 5) Q, L

Directions (Q. 6-8): Study the following information carefully and
answer the questions given below.

Poverty measurement is an unsettled issue, both conceptually and
methodologically. Since poverty is a process as well as an outcome;
many come out of it while others may be falling into it. The net
effect of these two parallel processes is a proportion commonly
identified as the 'head count ratio', but these ratios hide the
fundamental dynamism that characterises
poverty in practice. The most recent poverty re-estimates by an expert
group has also missed the crucial dynamism. In a study conducted on
13000 households which represented the entire country in 1993-94 and
again on 2004-05, it was found that in the ten-year period 18.2% rural
population moved out of poverty whereas another 22.1% fell into it
over this period. This net increase of about four percentage points
was seen to have a considerable variation across states and regions.

6. Which of the following is a conclusion which can be drawn from the
facts stated in the above paragraph?
1) Accurate estimates of number of people living below poverty line in
India is possible to be made.
2) Many expert groups in India are not interested to measure poverty
objectively.
3) Process of poverty measurement needs to take into account various
factors to tackle its dynamic nature.
4) People living below poverty line remain in that position for a very
long time.
5) None of these

7. Which of the following is an assumption which is implicit in the
facts stated in the above paragraph?
1) It may not be possible to have an accurate poverty measurement in India.
2) Level of poverty in India is static over the years.
3) Researchers avoid making conclusions on poverty measurement data in India.
4) Government of India has a mechanism to measure level of poverty
effectively and accurately.
5) None of these

8. Which of the following is an inference which can be made from the
facts stated in the above paragraph?
1) Poverty measurement tools in India are outdated.
2) Increase in number of persons falling into poverty varies
considerably across the country over a period of time.
3) Government of India has stopped measuring poverty related studies.
4) People living in rural areas are more susceptible to fall into
poverty over the time.
5) None of these

Directions (Q.9-12): In these questions, relationships between
different elements is shown in the statements. These statements are
followed by two conclusions. Give answer -
1) if only conclusion I follows
2) if only conclusion II follows
3) if either conclusion I or II follows
4) if neither conclusion I nor II follows
5) if both conclusions I and II follows

9. Statements: A < L < T < R < H > K
Conclusions: I. H > L II. K > T

10. Statements: P = N > D > G < B = J
Conclusions: I. G < P II. G < J

11. Statements: F = C = V = Z > X = U
Conclusions: I. V < U II. Z < F

12. Statements: Q = E = I > N = R = S
Conclusions: I. E = S II. S = N

Answers:

1-2; 2-3; 3-5; 4-3; 5-4; 6-3; 7-1; 8-2; 9-1; 10-5; 11-4; 12-2.

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