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02 August 2018

Latest Current Affairs Bits for All Competitive Exams - 2018

1. Which Indian universities has made it to the top 100 universities in the Times Higher Education's World Reputation Rankings 2018, becoming the only Indian institution to make it to the prestigious list this year? 
(a) AMU (b) Delhi University
(c) IISc Bengaluru (d) JNU 

2. Name the Indian, who has been chosen for her cutting-edge research in the inaugural 'The Vogue 25' list released, which includes artists, activists and executives across different fields. 
(a) Arti Nagpal (b) Shruti Mendon (c) Priyanka Joshi (d) Deepti Singh 

3. Recently, which of the following apps was not among the apps launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in Singapore at a business event aimed at internationalisation of the country's digital payment platform? 
(a) RuPay (b) PhonePe (c) BHIM (d) SBI app 

4. Recently, the Government of India and the World Bank signed a ....... loan agreement to provide additional financing for the Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) Rural Roads Project. 
(a) $250 million (b) $500 million (c) $700 million (d) $850 million 

5. Recently, Scientists had tracked down the oldest known lizard, a tiny creature that lived about 240 million years ago when Earth had a single continent and dinosaurs were brand new in: 
(a) Himalayas (b) Rockies (c) Andes (d) Alps 

6. Who has been appointed as the Chief Justice of the Punjab and Haryana High Court through a notification issued on 31 May? 
(a) Justice Krishna Murari  (b) Justice Srikant Anand 
(c) Justice Ved Vyas Rana  (d) Justice Viplav Thakur 

7. The new state bird of Andhra Pradesh is: 
(a) Great hornbill (b) Indian Roller (c) Rama Chiluka (d) House sparrow 

8. Which of the following banks has once again been recognized with the Champion Security Award at the 14th Visa Asia Pacific Security Summit? 
(a) ICICI Bank (b) Yes Bank (c) HDFC Bank (d) IDFC Bank 

9. Recently, who has become the first non-classical and non-jazz album to be awarded the Pulitzer Prize for Music 2018? 
(a) Angel's Bone 
(b) In for a Penny, In for a Pound 
(c) Damn 
(d) Anthracite Fields 

10. Recently, Minister for Women and Child Development, Smt Maneka Sanjay Gandhi laid foundation of Sakhi Suraksha Advanced DNA Forensic Laboratory in: 
(a) Lucknow (b) Hyderabad (c) Bengaluru (d) Chandigarh 

11. According to the index by global child rights group "Save the Children", the present rank of India in the world childhood index is: 
(a) 94th (b) 105th (c) 113th (d) 129th 

12. Who is the new Prime Minister of Spain? 
(a) Mariano Rajoy (b) Carles Puigdemont
(c) Pedro Sánchez (d) Pablo Iglesias Turrión 

13. Which of the following PSU's has for the second year became India's most profitable state-owned company? 
(a) SAIL (b) BHEL (c) IOC (d) ONGC

14. The Malabar naval exercise involving Indian, American and Japanese navies will begin off the coast of Guam located in: 
(a) Philippine Sea (b) Java Sea (c) Andaman Sea (d) South China Sea 

15. Recently, who has been sworn in as Italy's new Prime Minister? 
(a) Sergio Mattarella (b) Matteo Renzi (c) Giuseppe Conte (d) Luigi Di Maio 

16. Telangana celebrates its formation day every year on 2nd June. Telangana was formed in which year? 
(a) 2012 (b) 2014 (c) 2015 (d) 2016 

17. Recently, Scientists have found evidence of dunes of frozen methane on: 
(a) Moon (b) Jupiter (c) Neptune (d) Pluto 

18. Abdel Fattah el-Sissi was sworn in as the President of: 
(a) Libya (b) Syria (c) Egypt (d) Iraq 

19. Which among the following countries is the world's largest milk producer? 
(a) China (b) Brazil (c) India (d) USA 

20. ..............  government launched a health insurance scheme called "Gopabandhu Sambadika Swasthya Bima Yojana" for working journalists in the state. 
(a) Jharkhand (b) Telangana (c) Uttar Pradesh (d) Odisha 


Answers with Explanation

1. c 
The Indian Institute of Science (IISc) in Bengaluru has made it to the top 100 universities in the Times Higher Education's World Reputation Rankings 2018, becoming the only Indian institution to make it to the prestigious list this year. 

2. c 
Priyanka Joshi has been chosen for her cutting-edge research in the inaugural 'The Vogue 25' list released, which includes artists, activists and executives across different fields. 

3. b 
At the 'Business, Innovation and Community Event' where digital platform was the main feature, Modi launched India's BHIM, RuPay and SBI app. 

4. b 
The Government of India and the World Bank signed a $500 million loan agreement to provide additional financing for the Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) Rural Roads Project, implemented by Ministry of Rural Development, Govt. of India, which will build 7,000 km of climate resilient roads, out of which 3,500 km will be constructed using green technology. 

5. d 
Found in the Italian Alps 20 years ago, the newly studied fossil is being hailed by scientists as the "mother of all lizards." 

6. a 
Justice Krishna Murari of Allahabad High Court has been appointed as the Chief Justice of the Punjab and Haryana  High Court through a notification issued on 31 May. 

7. c 
The new state bird of Andhra Pradesh is Rama Chiluka (psittacula krameri) or rose ringed parakeet. Palapitta is now the state bird of Telangana, Odisha and Karnataka. 

8. c 
HDFC Bank has once again been recognized with the Champion Security Award at the 14th Visa Asia Pacific Security Summit. 

9. c 
Kendrick Lamar's 2017 album, Damn, became the first non-classical and non-jazz album to be awarded the Pulitzer Prize for Music. 

10. d 
Minister for Women and Child Development, Smt Maneka Sanjay Gandhi laid foundation of Sakhi Suraksha Advanced DNA Forensic Laboratory in the campus of Central Forensic Science Lab, Chandigarh. 

11. c 
India has improved its ranking in the world childhood index but stays at a poor 113th position --up from 116 in 2017 --in the list of 175 countries indexed by global child rights group, Save the Children. 

12. c 
Pedro Sanchez Perez-Castejon is a Spanish politician serving as Prime Minister of Spain since June 2018. 

13. c 
Fuel retailer IOC has for the second year in a row beaten ONGC to become India's most profitable state-owned company, raising questions over calls for the explorer to subsidise retailers amid soaring petrol and diesel rates. 

14. a 
The Malabar naval exercise involving Indian, American and Japanese navies will begin next week off the coast of Guam in the Philippine Sea with a focus on greater inter-operability in the strategically important Indo-Pacific region. 

15. c 
New Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte and his Cabinet, the first populist government in an EU founding member were sworn in by President Sergio Mattarella at the presidential palace. 

16. b 
Telangana was formed on this day in 2014 following the bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh. 

17. d 
Scientists have found evidence of dunes of frozen methane on Pluto. Pluto's atmosphere was believed to be too thin to create the features familiar in deserts on Earth. 

18. c 
Egyptian President Abdel Fattah el-Sissi was sworn in for a second four-year term in office as the country faces major economic and security challenges. 

19. c 
The annual growth in milk production will increase to 9 per cent by 2022 from the current 6.3 per cent on the back  of several initiatives taken by the government to boost the dairy sector. Milk output of India, the world's largest producer, stood at 165 million tonnes in 2016-17. 

20. d 
Odisha government launched a health insurance scheme for working journalists in the state. Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik launched the scheme called "Gopabandhu Sambadika Swasthya Bima Yojana".